Diary, 19 Jan-1 Feb 1846

Reference Number: MS-1199. Object #1032580

Comprises entries from 19 January to the first day in February describing a journey from New Plymouth towards Mokau and Waitara, and meetings at several Maori settlements, as well as recording day-to-day business at New Plymouth on his return.

15 pages, related to New Plymouth District, Taranaki (Taranaki Iwi).

A transcription/translation of this document (by ATL) appears below.

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Journal of Journey to Hokau with the Government Mail and Frederick Thatcher Esq. From Jan. 19 to 24.

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January 19th. 1846.

Left New Plymouth for Mokau, in consequence of the road being Tapu, this morning at 6 a.m. with Mr. Frederick Thatcher and Thomas Heale, constable carrying mail. Called at Mr. Flight's at 8. Got a bottle of brandy from him. Got to Waitara at 9, where we waited an hour for the Mamaku natives, whom I had advised to

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be ready to start with me, with the payment for Taonui's curse. They accordingly collected in cash, £8.9.8, two single guns, 100 figs tobacco, 4 "Tara" punamas, 4 handkerchiefs, 2 round abouts, one axe.

There were 6 or 7 of the Waitara natives, with whose conduct I was much pleased, along with us, carrying the articles above mentioned.

We travelled with tolerable speed, having come from the Henui to Waitara in 2 1/4 hours, leaving Waitara five minutes after 10, and getting to Onairo, a distance of 8 miles, at five to 12; where we had to remain till a quarter to three, waiting the tide. We came to Urunui at 4 p.m. a native having come from the Taniora with us, to see us ferried across the Urenui river. Throughout, the natives were most attentive and

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friendly towards us.

By 5 o'clock we got to mimi River, where the Tapu commenced. Waitara, the principal, seemed cool towards us at first; but after my conversation, he appeared to change in countenance, and said he was pleased with all that was said. What about me? I might go where liked, even on to Auckland.

My conversation was to point out that Europeans ought never to be stopped from going wherever they wished; that they must distinguish them from themselves; and not being implicated, he ought, and all of them ought, to see them forwarded on their journey, appealing to his feelings by relating Tapu's that I had done away with amongst great Chiefs in the Island, whose example he ought to follow.

After all was agreed, some of the people of his place agreed

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to come with us to Makau.

Tuesday 20th. January,

We started from Mimi river at 5 minutes to 6; and got to Talkapu's station at Wakarewa, ten minutes before seven, where we had breakfast, and got to Pukiaruhi, 20 minutes before ten, having stopped for the natives, and cooking food, at Wakarewa, 2 hours; where we met two Wanganui natives, detained at Tapu; who accompanied us. In getting past some of the points we had a good ducking in the salt water; and arrived at Tongaporutu by half past one, where we put up our tent, had dinner, changed our clothes, having to wait the arrival of Kaharoa Tikao Kao and others, who were inland, fishing eels. They arrived about seven in the evening, and Tikao-kao, who is the greatest fighting Chief at this place, said that he was pleased to see us; and would not interfere in a matter that Taonui had requested should be arranged by the Europeans. We were then welcomed by Tikao, Te Aua; several speeches interchanged; after which I pointed out the propriety

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of avoiding any interference with the Europeans, should the road be Tapu on future occasions; that they were individually to exert themselves in seeing them safely passed to their destinations.

The night came on wet and disagreeable, but we were quite happy and comfortable, having accomplished the object of the journey to our satisfaction.

Towards morning we felt the wind and rain, with lightning and thunder, pelting on our tent most severely.

21st. Wednesday

The severity of the weather prevented our getting up as early as we intended. The lightning, thunder, and rain still continued incessantly.

We had a large pig killed for our party, and made an attempt to start for Mokau, but did not succeed, from fear of the flood, tide and rain. About seven in the evening we resumed our journey to Mokau, and had some difficulty in crossing the Moakatino river, from the heavy rains during the last day and night. Te Ari, one of the Mokau Chiefs, carried me across; and by 10 o'clock at night, arrived at Mokau, where we found Te Kaka and his

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party at a small fishing encampment on the south side of the river; and our arrival was resounded through forest and plain, with fires burning, old women crying, men running about, shaking of hands, and the cry of "Te Makerini; Ko Ngatiawa tenei ko Makarini tenei.

The Chief appeared greatly astonished at our arrival there, especially as he know about the Tapu; and enquired where Waitara was when we passed. I entered into a short history of the objects of our journey; that as they were themselves concerned, I should not say the Tapu was wrong, but Europeans ought not to suffer from their peculiarities. Having satisfied the Chief that we were not trespassers, but that I had come to see them all as my friends and to eat of their food, stop a day with their Mission instructor, and again return home. He immediately ordered a canoe for me to cross the river to the Mission Station, where we got by eleven; had supper; wrote to Mr. Clarke respecting the "Hydras" lugger; and went to sleep about two in the morning.

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Thursday 22nd. January 1846

Got up at four in the morning; had breakfast ready for Mr. Thatcher. I had a deal of trouble with my boys; one of whom I wished to go to Auckland or Kawia. Rerepori, the boy I wished to go would not; and therefore I gave him his discharge.

Mr. Thatcher gets away at seven in the morning.

Sold Mr. Snachenberg some calico, £1.0.0

Sold Mr. Snachenberg 1 piece print) £2.0.0

Sold Mr. Snachenberg sugar coffee, etc.,)

Friday 23rd. January 1846.

Started from Mr. Snachenberg's at seven in the morning, and came along to Tongaporutu, where we had a dinner of potatoes and Titi's ready for us. Came on to Pariminihi, and had to remain there for ten hours till we could get past the point, which we tried during the night, getting up to the middle in water, and were obliged to put back, from the heavy surf neap tides; and got up a steep bank from the beach, and slept at an old Pah, they call Kuti Kuti aha, one of Taringa

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Taringa Kuri's old fortifications; where there is a deep trench cut around, and a beautiful "Karaka" grove on the embankment. Here we had a short sleep, and by daylight got down to the descent by rope ladder, this side the high white cliff of Pariminihi, where we had breakfast.

Saturday 24th, January 1846.

We came along the coast by degrees, as the tide ebbed on one of the sandy beaches. Two of the boys imitated the drunken sailor as perfectly as could have been done by any stage players. About nine we got to Hahl Takapu's place, and thence to Waitara's station at Mimi where we had a short conversation. He was very friendly after I read him a letter I had written to Taonui. He appeared to acquiese in the contents, and said there was no more Tapu on the road, and that he should be most happy to see me, and one of the Waikato Chiefs living at Waitara, when the feast they were then preparing was ready, to partake of part of it, and visit them on friendly terms. At Onairo we had food; and all the natives were very busy preparing some for us all. The way from there to Waitara, where we got about

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dusk, and were in to the Henui about 12 at night.

Sunday 25th. January 1846.

Attended forenoon service at Mr. Bolland's; and dined at the Webster's, and to Church in the evening.

Monday 26th. January 1846.

Went to reap Mr. Merchant's wheat, and dined at Bolland's. In the evening called at Mr. Chillman's.

Tuesday 27th. January 1846.

Went in to town, and ramained there till half past three o'clock. Had no dinner till tea-time, being disappointed by Mr. Webster, of a dinner with him.

Wednesday 28th. January 1846.

At home till seven, dinner-time. Mr. Webster, King, Mantell, Peacock, and Merchant dined with the Bolland's. I had a bathe. Went to see Mr. Chillman seythe reaping; and afterwards with Mr. Peacock to see the natives fishing with their large net at Waiwaltaio.

Part of:
Diaries, Reference Number MS-1197-1205 (9 digitised items)
Series 5 Diaries and notebooks, Reference Number Series 5 Diaries and notebooks (100 digitised items)
McLean Papers, Reference Number MS-Group-1551 (30238 digitised items)

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