Diary, 31 Mar-Apr 1846
Reference Number: MS-1202. Object #1032093
The diary carries on with McLean's reflections of 31 March 1846 (begun in MS-1201), and then becomes more notelike, with comments on the weather, notes on Maori language and religion, and McLean's own thoughts on the nature of Christian belief, the different denominations, and ideas of premonition. He also outlines in Maori Maori ideas of astronomy, and other Taranaki beliefs, told to him by a William King. Other notes include comment on an increase in wood pigeons, notes on early New Zealand history, and a list of Ngapuhi tribes with population estimates. The weather was evidently very bad in April, and he had been told that the Protectorate Office was to close, which may explain his discursive reflections.
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discharge of the duties (carried on from the following blue-covered Journal) to which I should welcome him, in the desire that a long and increasing course of success would be his reward; and that the same friendly, affectionate regard, which I flatter myself I have received, be attendant on him, and in his continuance with the Native tribes; may the endeavours I have used as their adviser and admonisher, render his undertakings less arduous and doubtful than those under which my duties commenced amongst them. May he indeed receive friendly encouragement to ensure his happiness, and that sincere attachment it has been my lot to enjoy; and however distant my destiny
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may be fixed, I will feel myself amply requited for my earnest solicitude for the welfare of my district, if a continuation of reciprocal feelings of friendship will exist amongst those resident in it, towards me.
"In thought, I say, Adieu, my friends; in mind, I say, Remain,
"That long our pleasures may exist; and happiness retain;
That years may not erase our ardent vows of friendship thus declared;
"But time to time add strength and hope to our united prayer."
The whole of this week, from the 30th. of March, to the 4th. of April, has rained incessantly. At home the greater part of the time. No particular occurrence worth noting.
The weather up to the present date very much indicates what we hear of as preceeding an earthquake, or such sudden catastrophe. A complete darkness is spread over the whole atmosphere; frequent showers of rain; and sudden variations in the climate; with no steady winds, and rainy weather, with Southerly winds; which is a rare occurrence, especially for any number of days. There has been vivid lightning and thunder during this period.
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Papa, from the Latin word for Pope; signifying a father or parent.
The New Zealanders use the exact term for parent; the "a" with them, is sounded long, as Papa, or Matua.
It is very singular that there is such a striking affinity in words amongst the New Zealanders; or that there are traces of ancestry amongst them, that close observation may ultimately obviate the present obscurity as to their descent; which is noticed by Dr. Lang, in his letters to Lord Durham, on New Zealand; where he observes the word "Iwi" or tone, as being the name of Eve.
Bongpiere,- Holy Father; corrupted into the word now used for Bumper.
Puseyite principles, as seen in the tracts for the times:
1. The Sacraments, not preaching the sources of Divine Grace.
2. The Church of England, the only one in the Realm, which has a right to be quite sure that she has the Lord's Body to give to the people.
3. The Sacraments are the instruments of our justification.
4. Almighty God has said that His Son's merits shall wash away all sin; and that they shall be conveyed to believers through the two Sacraments.
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5. Tradition is an irrefragable argument, which supersedes the necessity of arguing from Scripture. It is equally from God, with Scripture.
6. Nothing is gained, in arguing from Scripture; when God has given us so clear a guide in the rule of faith that is the Creed preserved in the Church. Scripture will not silence a subtle disputant; whereas the rule of faith must silence him; it is so clear.
7. It is the rule of the Church of England to interpret Scripture according to the usage of the first centuries.
8. The fact of our present Bishops being the heirs and representatives of the Apostles, by successive transmission, is too notorious to require proof. Every link in the chain is known, from St. Peter, to our present Metropolitan.
9. The Saviour's holy home; our Latin Sister, that is the Popish Church.
10. It requires more enduring pains, more abiding self-discipline, more continued sorrow, again to become capable of mercy.
The above are a few of the Doctrinal tenets of Pusevism, taken at random from the tracts. By the Rev. Horatius Bonar, of Kelso.
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The distinguishing principles of Methodism, are salvation by faith in Jesus Christ.
The perceptible, and in some cases instantaneous conversion; and an assurance of reconciliation to God, with which they say the new birth, or being born again. is inseparably attended. On these doctrines they lay the utmost stress.
The Primitive Methodists separated in 1797; caused by difference of Church Government.
The revival Meetings of the Weslevans are most dangerous in their influences; certainly persons in their community give loud groans and vociferations, causing tumult and confusion, A great deal of this is to be observed at Nottingham. But the more respectable members, it is hoped, will interfere to put an end to this religious frensy and fanaticism; so entirely subversive of real or substantial piety.
The members of the Kirk of Scotland, are, strictly speaking, the only Presbyterians in Great Britain.
Their Ecclesiastical Government was brought from Genoa,
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by John Knox, the celebrated Scotch Reformer, and styled "the Apostle of Scotland", as Luther, "the Apostle of Germany."
Contrary to the Episcopalians, the Presbyterians maintain the Church should be governed by Presbyteries, Synods, and General Assemblies. Their title, Presbyterian, comes from the Greek word Presbuteros, which signifies Senior or elder.
In the Kirk there are 15 Synods, and 69 Presbyteries.
They are Calvanistic, and hold their General Assembly annually in May at Edinburgh, confirmed by the Act of Union between the two Kingdoms in 1706.
In the evening, a religious lecture to Taranaki Natives, after Service; a part of that tribe being living here.
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Native Ideas of Astromony. (Wm. King, Taranaki; April, 1846.)
The Milky Way,-
Mongoroiata. Ko noho taua me, he tau Kai Kore. Haere ahi ahi. Evening Star, the sign of evening. Ka noho mai Ki tai Ko Mataiumu.
Matariki tapupua, one one tamariki, is seen in the midst of Winter.
Ngawata; he tinana Makariri, or the depth of Winter.
Nga tuki a taitoro naua e takiri te ra te marama.
Ko Puanga Ka noho mai. Ka huri Ko Wakaahu.
Ka ru te tangata to tangata te manu.
Ko Kikokori nga me Katea. Ka Wakaaio te tangata Kua tata te mahi.
Nga Taenga rue tenei taotu he tohu no te rangi.
Waka Ahu e muri mai o Puhanga.
Kukumi, (cock crowing, Morning Star) or the wetu Marama ata o te Tawera, the full morning light. Ka marama Katea.
Diaries, Reference Number MS-1197-1205 (9 digitised items)
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