Object #1016320 from MS-Papers-0032-0009
19 pages written 6 Jan 1857 by Sir Donald McLean
From: Secretary, Native Department - Administration of native affairs, Reference Number MS-Papers-0032-0009 (20 digitised items). Included in this folder is a paper by McLean that his biographer, Ray Fargher, describes as McLean's 'only comprehensive statement on land purchase policy'.The folder also includes information about the battle of Te Kuititanga, 1839.
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I have the honor by direction of the Governor to convey to you His Excellencys thanks for the kind zeal and assiduity with which you have aided the Govt. in effecting a settlement of the long pending question connected with the powder robbery committed by the Natives of Manaia.
The personal trouble and inconvenience to which you have been exposed in frequently visiting Manaia and in bringing the greater quantity of the stolen powder is I can assure you very much appreciated by His Excellency.
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Tuesday January 6, 1857.
Left in the afternoon in Mr. Lanfears schooner for the Thames and Coromandel. Harbour to visit the Natives connected in the Kawau powder robbery. Called at Waiheke for Paratene Puhatta.
Wednesday 7 Jany. 1857.
Puhatta arrived the wind blowing very hard, unable to proceed until it moderates in the afternoon.
William Jowett near whose settlement we are anchored informs me that Mr. Grace is implicated in the affairs of the Taupo meeting, that Raharuhi of Turanga told him (Jowett) of it a long time ago, that the Natives themselves could never originate or even think of the schemes proposed by Mr. Grace for their adoption that the views enunciated by Mr. Grace are very similar to those that influenced the rebel chief Hone Heke.
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The Rev. Mr. Lanfear expressed to Jowett and Puhatta how much he deprecated Mr. Graces foolish conduct and assured them that he as a missionary did not sympathise with any of Mr. Graces views or sentiments.
Got to McLeods station about sunset cast anchor there for the night.
The Island of Waiheke is poor and unproductive with a few well sheltered bays --- some firewood a small extent of Kauri forest, Manganese, a stock of pigs goats cattle and a few horses although there are no roads to use the latter.
Several sections of the Ngatipaoa tribe reside on this Island with few exceptions they are deeply involved in debt, and from having been one of the finest tribes inhabiting the gulph of the Thames I fear that they are degenerating and becoming more indolent, tricky and deceitful in consequence of their inability to discharge
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their debts. The most respectable chief among them is Paratene Pukatta who always has been an honest upright man sincere in his christian professions without any ostentatious display. He has frequently before English law or Govt. was introduced to these Island interposed to save the lives of Europeans who were in the early days of New Zealand Colonization frequently exposed to danger, himself a
a respected warrior and good shot was always feared and respected by his countrymen, and the late Gordon Brown of Hokianga frequently placed when going to England or Sydney the whole of his property and goods often of great value under his charge and they were invariably well taken care of and accounted for.
This chief remarked to Gov. Gore Brown at the first interview His Excellency held with the Natives at Auckland that his only enemy nowadays would be the ground that he would fight with it incessantly until it produced food for both Europeans and Natives
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was to the following effect.
Friends the Governor welcome. All I have to say to you is that my people and I shall only fight in future with the ground and stamping on the earth he added we shall fight with the wenua or ground until we make it produce food for Maoris and Europeans we shall have no other king of fighting or no other enemy.
Thursday --- 8 Jany. 1857.
Left McLeods bay at 6 a.m. baffling winds and in the morning about 12 oclock fresh sea breeze crossing the Thames, got to Mr. Lanfears in the evening.
Left McLeods at 6 am.
The station occupied by Mr. Lanfear at Mataparu formerly Mr. Dreeces is prettily situated the house is on a round moundy eminence that commands an extensive view of the firth of the Thames underneath is the Native village of Kaneranga
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with a flat of about 350 acres of level land nearly exhausted by constant cultivation little attention being paid to rotation of crops. The Pa is near the Kaweranga river which is sufficiently deep at high water for vesels of 15 or 18 tons.
The country on the East side of the Thames between Mr. Lanfears and Manaia is excessively poor and hilly with a small flat here and there of a few acres near the entrance of creeks on these little spots the Natives cultivate and form their villages but level land is so limited that it does not provide sufficient food for the comparatively few natives residing there who are obliged to cultivate their wheat and potatoes on the rugged hill sides which appear from the sea side so steep and inaccessible that none but expert climbers like the Maories could make any use of them
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Taraia informs me that although the Natives have a large extent of this country but he is obliged to go further up the Thames to clear and occupy fresh tracts of land more level as the hilly country inhabited by him and his people at the Tahmes is too poor to maintain them.
It is upwards of 13 years since I visited this part of the country and I see little or no traces of improvement since that period. The Natives are much the same now as they were then. Their superstitions have still a strong hold on them they do not appear more industrious no Europeans reside among
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them and having no land except on hill sides and a few flas the plough cannot be used. Their poverty is exhibited in the poorness of their dress and the wretched huts they live in, their old Pas which contained some good houses are fast tottering to decay and the sheds they now substitute for houses are of the most temporary and uncomfortable description causing together with their precarious and irregular mode of life notwithstanding the salubrious nature of the climate many premature deaths. The tapu is still upheld and few attempts to transgress its observances are permitted with impunity in Taraias dominions.
Te Mapu Huirania Riwai and a few other chiefs with their followers came up to Mr. Lanfears where we had some long speeches
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of welcome to Hauraki that the land only now remained to welcome us that the people were gone, they all expressed great satisfaction with the Governors conduct towards them throughout the whole of the powder proceedings.
The Principal Chief Hoterene Taipare returned in the evening from a fishing expedition. The substance of his speech may be briefly given a s followers.
Welcome McLean. I hear you have come from the Governor to put an end to these powder differences we have done wrong like forward children, the Governor has treated us as such we fully appreciate his kindness --- therefore we say welcome to the shores of Hauraki, I told him that the Governor had treated them as he just remarked like forward children, that we had now for this time forgiven them that it rested with themselves as to whether
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their future conduct deserved such consideration, in any case if anything went wrong in future let them go to the Governor as the fountain head for a redress of their grievances, that the spring was always purest and best when drunk at its source before it mingled with other waters. The road was now clear and they might go to Auckland.
Saturday 10 January.
Left for Manaia at 6 a.m. we arrived at a little bay near the entrance at 9 p.m.
Sunday 11 Jany. 1857.
Mr. Lanfear went to hold and th Natives went to hold service with the people at a Pa near Hohepa Paraones about a mile inland of our anchorage. I remained at Waitotara bay neal the vessel.
Monday 12 January 1857
About 8 a.m. a large war canoe manned with
Secretary, Native Department - Administration of native affairs, Reference Number MS-Papers-0032-0009 (20 digitised items)
Series 7 Official papers, Reference Number Series 7 Official papers (3737 digitised items)
McLean Papers, Reference Number MS-Group-1551 (30238 digitised items)
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