Object #1013852 from MS-Papers-0032-0003

11 pages written 15 May 1849 by Major Alfred Francis William Wyatt

From: Native Land Purchase Commissioner - Papers, Reference Number MS-Papers-0032-0003 (57 digitised items). Contains papers dealing with the purchase of Maori land; in particular, there are official papers about `Old Land Claims' (ie pre Treaty of Waitangi); there is also extensive correspondence about the purchase of land in the Rangitikei area from Ngati Apa, and a related dispute about ownership between Ngati Apa and Ngati Raukawa; there is also a letter from Henry Tiffin outlining the concerns of Wairarapa Maori about an invasion by Ngati Toa Also includes translation of a letter by the Ngati Toa outlining the boundaries of land ceded to the Crown in 1847.

A transcription/translation of this document (by ATL) appears below.

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English (ATL)


Listen, all people who see or know of this paper giving up, or parting with, land; written on this day, that is on the fifteenth day of May in the year of Our Lord One thousand Eight Hundred and fortynine years, 1849.

Now we, the Chiefs and people of Ngatiapa, of Mangawhero and other places, do hereby fully consent, on behalf of ourselves, our children, relations, and all who hereafter may be born, or descended of us, to entirely give up and abandon all our lands, the boundaries of which are herein written, and the likeness or description of which is shown

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English (ATL)

on the Survey plan of the land to Mr. McLean, for the Governor of these Islands of New Zealand, and all other Governors who are appointed by the Queen of England, to succeed them, that is, to be a sure and certain land for the Governors, or for such Europeans as they the said Governors agree to transfer the said land to.

The Boundaries of the land which we now entirely and forever give up, are these:-

The river of the Rangitikei, on one side; and the sea on one side, and the river of Turakina on one side, going inland as far as our Interior claims extend.

All the land between the river of Turakina and Wangaehu, is hereby reserved as a place for

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English (ATL)

all the members of the Ngatiapa tribe, to collect and settle on.

All our land on the Northern side of the Wangaehu are hereby forever given up to Mr. McLean, as aforesaid.

The commencement of the boundary is at the entrance or mouth of the Wangaehu river. Thence it continues in that river as far inland as Tapiripiri. From thence it goes to Ota. Thence it goes in the direction of, and to the boundary known and declared as the European boundary of Wanganui, and continues on that boundary to Motukaraka, and on to the sea.

The absolute surrender.

Now we have publicly discussed, fully considered, bade farewell to, lamented, wept over, and entirely given up

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English (ATL)

all our lands within the boundaries that have now been explained, and made clear to us by Mr. McLean, at this Meeting of ours, and of the Europeans; also with the rivers, waters, trees, and all and everything connected with the said lands, as a sure and certain possession for the Europeans, for ever and ever.

The Sacred places or Reserves.

Now we, having fully and entirely surrendered all our lands to Mr. McLean, for the Governors of the Island, - Mr. McLean on the authority vested in him by the Governor, for adjusting land claims, does hereby make certain Reserves for the Maoris, which are these:-

1st. First, Mr. McLean consents that we should fish and take

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English (ATL)

the eels from the lagoons and other places, that are not drained by the Europeans, - that is, from the large lakes or lagoons, where we have been in the habit of taking eels.

2nd. The second. The small spot is reserved where Te Kau and Hakeki are buried, on the sand-hills named Te Aki Aki, containing about twelve 12 acres; but nevertheless, it is agreed that all Europeans' cattle are to range over the said spot.

3rd. The third. The piece of land surveyed by Mr. Park, the surveyor, agreed upon by Mr. McLean and ourselves at Parewanui. The boundaries of the said land, commence at Upokotopia, thence to Mangaroa; thence to the Makari stream, till it empties itself into the water of Rangitikei. This land contains about One Thousand Six Hundred, 1600 acres.

4th. The Fourth. The cultivations within the European boundary on

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English (ATL)

the north side of the Rangitikei river, that is, - opposite the Awahou Pa, in such places as may not be shortly settled upon by Europeans, are retainable as cultivations for the natives for three years; at the expiration of which time all these cultivations shall be abandoned by the natives, and given up to the Europeans. The day on which they are wholly to be given up is the tenth day of March One Thousand Eight Hundred and fifty two, 1852.

5th. The Fifth. The Pa and cultivations at Turakina bounded by the Makirikiri stream, on one side, and a line surveyed by Mr. Park on the other, containing about nine hundred 900 acres.

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6th. The Sixth. The place desired by Te Watarauhi, a teacher at Otakapao, containing about fifty 50 acres, as a Reserve for our eel fishing.

7th. The Seventh. A small spot at Waratuna, where Abraham's karaka trees grow; and a small spot where Rihiona cultivates; the said two spots to be retained for two years; and on the third year the said places to be entirely given up to the Europeans.

Finally, this is the last of the places reserved for us; and there is no other spot where we shall attempt to settle within the boundaries that are now and forever given up to

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English (ATL)

the Europeans.

The large surveyed lines for public roads through our Reserves are the only places we agreed to have surveyed through our reserved lands; such roads to be formed or surveyed at such times and in such places as the Governors of the Island appoint. These roads are to be for the general use of all the Europeans and natives.

The Payment.

The payment in full for all the land comprized within the boundaries explained and made known to us by Mr. McLean, is as follows:-

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English (ATL)


The full purchase money shall be Two Thousand Five Hundred pounds, £2,500.

One Thousand pounds of the said money has been paid this day into our hands by Mr. McLean, that is on the fifteenth day of May One Thousand Eight hundred and forty nine.

Five hundred pounds counting singly shall be paid to us on the fifteenth day of May One thousand eight hundred and fifty.

Five hundred pounds shall be paid on the fifteenth day of May One Thousand eight hundred and fifty one.

The last payment or instalment of Five Hundred pounds shall be paid to us on the

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English (ATL)

fifteenth day of May One thousand eight hundred and fifty two.

Lastly, these are assuredly all the payments for our land; and having fully and truly consented in the presence of this assembly to all the conditions contained in this paper which have been ecplained and made clear and public to us by Mr. McLean, we hereunto write our names and marks.

And Mr. McLean having consented on behalf of the Governors of New Zealand to all the conditions in this paper giving up land, he Mr. McLean subscribes his name.


Witnesses to the signatures of the natives, (natives' signatures are not given in this copy.) (Signed)
Alfred Wyatt
Major 65th. Regt. Resident Magistrate. and Mr. McLean.
Reference to counting singly, - It is customary with the New Zealanders (natives) to count doubly, two for one.

English (ATL)

COPY May 15th. 1849



TRANSLATION OF NGATIAPA AND MANGOWHERO DEED.

Listen, all people who see or know of this paper giving up, or parting with, land; written on this day, that is on the fifteenth day of May in the year of Our Lord One thousand Eight Hundred and fortynine years, 1849.

Now we, the Chiefs and people of Ngatiapa, of Mangawhero and other places, do hereby fully consent, on behalf of ourselves, our children, relations, and all who hereafter may be born, or descended of us, to entirely give up and abandon all our lands, the boundaries of which are herein written, and the likeness or description of which is shown on the Survey plan of the land to Mr. McLean, for the Governor of these Islands of New Zealand, and all other Governors who are appointed by the Queen of England, to succeed them, that is, to be a sure and certain land for the Governors, or for such Europeans as they the said Governors agree to transfer the said land to.

The Boundaries of the land which we now entirely and forever give up, are these:-

The river of the Rangitikei, on one side; and the sea on one side, and the river of Turakina on one side, going inland as far as our Interior claims extend.

All the land between the river of Turakina and Wangaehu, is hereby reserved as a place for all the members of the Ngatiapa tribe, to collect and settle on.

All our land on the Northern side of the Wangaehu are hereby forever given up to Mr. McLean, as aforesaid.

The commencement of the boundary is at the entrance or mouth of the Wangaehu river. Thence it continues in that river as far inland as Tapiripiri. From thence it goes to Ota. Thence it goes in the direction of, and to the boundary known and declared as the European boundary of Wanganui, and continues on that boundary to Motukaraka, and on to the sea.

The absolute surrender.

Now we have publicly discussed, fully considered, bade farewell to, lamented, wept over, and entirely given up all our lands within the boundaries that have now been explained, and made clear to us by Mr. McLean, at this Meeting of ours, and of the Europeans; also with the rivers, waters, trees, and all and everything connected with the said lands, as a sure and certain possession for the Europeans, for ever and ever.

The Sacred places or Reserves.

Now we, having fully and entirely surrendered all our lands to Mr. McLean, for the Governors of the Island, - Mr. McLean on the authority vested in him by the Governor, for adjusting land claims, does hereby make certain Reserves for the Maoris, which are these:-

1st. First, Mr. McLean consents that we should fish and take the eels from the lagoons and other places, that are not drained by the Europeans, - that is, from the large lakes or lagoons, where we have been in the habit of taking eels.

2nd. The second. The small spot is reserved where Te Kau and Hakeki are buried, on the sand-hills named Te Aki Aki, containing about twelve 12 acres; but nevertheless, it is agreed that all Europeans' cattle are to range over the said spot.

3rd. The third. The piece of land surveyed by Mr. Park, the surveyor, agreed upon by Mr. McLean and ourselves at Parewanui. The boundaries of the said land, commence at Upokotopia, thence to Mangaroa; thence to the Makari stream, till it empties itself into the water of Rangitikei. This land contains about One Thousand Six Hundred, 1600 acres.

4th. The Fourth. The cultivations within the European boundary on the north side of the Rangitikei river, that is, - opposite the Awahou Pa, in such places as may not be shortly settled upon by Europeans, are retainable as cultivations for the natives for three years; at the expiration of which time all these cultivations shall be abandoned by the natives, and given up to the Europeans. The day on which they are wholly to be given up is the tenth day of March One Thousand Eight Hundred and fifty two, 1852.

5th. The Fifth. The Pa and cultivations at Turakina bounded by the Makirikiri stream, on one side, and a line surveyed by Mr. Park on the other, containing about nine hundred 900 acres.

6th. The Sixth. The place desired by Te Watarauhi, a teacher at Otakapao, containing about fifty 50 acres, as a Reserve for our eel fishing.

7th. The Seventh. A small spot at Waratuna, where Abraham's karaka trees grow; and a small spot where Rihiona cultivates; the said two spots to be retained for two years; and on the third year the said places to be entirely given up to the Europeans.

Finally, this is the last of the places reserved for us; and there is no other spot where we shall attempt to settle within the boundaries that are now and forever given up to the Europeans.

The large surveyed lines for public roads through our Reserves are the only places we agreed to have surveyed through our reserved lands; such roads to be formed or surveyed at such times and in such places as the Governors of the Island appoint. These roads are to be for the general use of all the Europeans and natives.

The Payment.

The payment in full for all the land comprized within the boundaries explained and made known to us by Mr. McLean, is as follows:-

The full purchase money shall be Two Thousand Five Hundred pounds, £2,500.

One Thousand pounds of the said money has been paid this day into our hands by Mr. McLean, that is on the fifteenth day of May One Thousand Eight hundred and forty nine.

Five hundred pounds counting singly shall be paid to us on the fifteenth day of May One thousand eight hundred and fifty.

Five hundred pounds shall be paid on the fifteenth day of May One Thousand eight hundred and fifty one.

The last payment or instalment of Five Hundred pounds shall be paid to us on the fifteenth day of May One thousand eight hundred and fifty two.

Lastly, these are assuredly all the payments for our land; and having fully and truly consented in the presence of this assembly to all the conditions contained in this paper which have been ecplained and made clear and public to us by Mr. McLean, we hereunto write our names and marks.

And Mr. McLean having consented on behalf of the Governors of New Zealand to all the conditions in this paper giving up land, he Mr. McLean subscribes his name.


Witnesses to the signatures of the natives, (natives' signatures are not given in this copy.) (Signed)
Alfred Wyatt
Major 65th. Regt. Resident Magistrate. and Mr. McLean.
Reference to counting singly, - It is customary with the New Zealanders (natives) to count doubly, two for one.

Part of:
Native Land Purchase Commissioner - Papers, Reference Number MS-Papers-0032-0003 (57 digitised items)
Series 7 Official papers, Reference Number Series 7 Official papers (3737 digitised items)
McLean Papers, Reference Number MS-Group-1551 (30238 digitised items)

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